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From Disillusionment and Abandonment
to Autonomy


by Roberto Flores
Los Angeles, California

1. Sacks, W. (1992) Development Dictionary. Zed Books, LTD, London, UK

2. Harry S. Truman, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1949, in Documents on American Foreign Relations, Connecticut: Princeton University Press, 1967. Found in Sacks, W., ed. (1992) op.cit.

3. Sacks, op.cit.. Pineda, L. O. (1994). Chiapas: Los Rumbos de Otra Historia. Maestros Bilingues, Burocracia y Poder Político en Los Altos de Chiapas. Viquera & Ruz editores.

4. Coombs, P. (1985) The World Crisis in Education: The View From the Eighties. Oxford University Press, NY, New York

5. Pineda, L. O. (1994). Chiapas: Los Rumbos de Otra Historia. Maestros Bilingues, Burocracia y Poder Político en Los Altos de Chiapas. Viquera & Ruz editores. Also See: Pontón, B.C. (1989). Educación Normal y Control Político. México D.F., México: Ediciones de La Casa Chata

6. Ponton, Pineda, op.cit

7. See: International Forum on Globalization (2001), “Does Globalization help the Poor?” can be found at <>

8. Quintana Victor, Agronomist Interviewed on KPFK (10/2001) also look at Quintana, V.M. (2001) El Circulo Vicioso Del Tlcan Para La Agricultura Mexicana. Can be found through inquery at <>

9. See: International Forum on Globalization, (12/2001) op.cit.

10. See 1994 “Mexico: Second Primary Education Project.” Report 12529-ME. Latin America and the Caribbean Region, Country Department II, Washington, D.C. Available from the World Bank Public Information Center as PIC 153. Can also be found here

11. See Coombs, P. (1985) op.cit.

12. See: James Wolfenson, The Other Crisis, World Bank, October 1998, quoted from The Reality of Aid 2000, (Earthscan Publications, 2000), p.10, can also be found at <>

13. See Chase, Robert S. (2000) Globalization and “First Do No Harm.” Saisphere. Can also be found at <>

14. Coombs, P. (1985) op.cit.

15. See Hildyard, N. The World Bank in an Unchanging State found in “The World Bank and the State: A Recipe for Change?” Cornerhouse Public Outreach and Research Unit Bretton Woods Project

16. See: Global Issues. Can be found at <>

17. See: Rosset, Collins, Lappe (2000) “Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger? Can be found at <>

18. See: Gonzalez, A. R. (DOMINGO 16 DE ABRIL DE 2000) México, segundo privatizador de AL en la década de los 90: BM

19. See Hildyard, N. op.cit.

20. See: Development in Practice: Priorities and Strategies for Education: A World Bank Review. The World Bank, Washington, D.C.

21. Ponton, BC. Op.cit.

22. Pineda, L. Op.cit

23. See: Primera declaratión de La Selva Lancandona, Jan 1994

24. See: Javier Eloriaga Interview in “Zapatista” documentary film by Big Noise Production

25. See “La Educacion y la Autonomia Indigena” can be found at

26. See: Flores, R. (1997) Notes from Observtion at 3 major school sites in the Highlands of Chiapas. Notes Available upon request.

27. See: CIEPAC (9/2001) La Educacion y La Autonomia Indigena (Primera Parte) can be found at <>

28. See: Doran, C.( Winter, 2000) Globalization and Statecraft. SAISPHERE. Can be found at <> Also see: Hildyard, op. cit.

29. See: Hildyard: op. cit.

30. Ponton, (1989) op.cit.

31. See Ponton, B.C. (1989)

32. CIEPAC (9/2001) La Educacion y La Autonomia Indigena (Primera Parte). Can be found at <>

33. CIEPAC (9/2001) paragraph 8

34. See: CIEPAC op. cit. p. 2 paragraph 14

35. Coombs, (1985) op. cit. Also see: Lockheed, M & Vespoor, L. Improving Primary Education in Developing Countries. New York, Oxford University Press. Also see: The World Bank (1996) op. cit.

36. See: CIEPAC op. cit. p. 2 paragraphs 11 & 12.

37. CIEPAC, op. cit. p.2 paragraph 12

38. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p.1 paragraphs 7 & 30

39. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 4 paragraph 32

40. See Ponton, BC. Op.cit and also see Brice, Shirley Heath (Heath, S. B. (1977). La Politica del Lenguaje en Mexico: De La Colonia a La Nación. México D.F., México: Instituto Nacional Indigenista

41. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 2 paragraph 10

42. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 4 paragraph 32

43. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 4 paragraph 32

44. Pineda, L. (1984) op.cit

45. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 4 paragraphs 30

46. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 4 paragraph 31

47. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 3

48. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 3 paragraph 25

49. See CIEPAC. Op.cit. p. 3 paragraph 21

50. See CIEPAC. Op.cit.

51. Coombs, P. (1985) op.cit.

52. Coombs, p.16, Op. cit.

53. Coombs, P (1985) op.cit.

54. See World Bank op. cit

55. See Sophie Styles, (2001) Interview with Gustavo Estevas on the Zapatista March. Can be found at <>

56. See Flores, R. (Sp. 2001) Autonomy and Participatory Democracy: Interview of Roberto Flores and Greg Tanaka by Peter McLaren, International Journal of Educational Reform. Scarecrowe Education Lanham, MD

57. Zapatista (1998) Documentary Film op. cit.

58. See La Jornada Luis Virollo, etica Zapatista

Published in In Motion Magazine June 23, 2003.

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